Yoga-Sutra 1 – Samadhi Pada: about enlightenment
The first chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras is about enlightenment – Samadhi Pada
अथ योगानुशासनम् ॥१॥
atha yoga-anuśāsanam ||1||
Yoga in the here and now: an introduction to the study and practice of yoga ||1||
When you are in a state of yoga, all misconceptions (vrittis) that can exist in the mutable aspect of human beings (chitta) disappear. ||2||
Yoga-Sutra 2 – Sadhana Pada: about the Practice
The second Chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras – contains instructions for our Practice – Sadhana Pada.
तपः स्वाध्यायेश्वरप्रणिधानानि क्रियायोगः ॥१॥
tapaḥ svādhyāy-eśvarapraṇidhānāni kriyā-yogaḥ ||1||
Practice characterized by rigor and vigilance toward itself, without attachment to the outcome, is known as kriya yoga. ||1||
समाधिभावनार्थः क्लेश तनूकरणार्थश्च ॥२॥
samādhi-bhāvana-arthaḥ kleśa tanū-karaṇa-arthaś-ca ||2||
If your practice is aligned with your goal (samadhi), the obstacles along your spiritual path (klesha) will disappear and ultimately you will reach your goal. ||2||
अविद्यास्मितारागद्वेषाभिनिवेशः क्लेशाः ॥३॥
avidyā-asmitā-rāga-dveṣa-abhiniveśaḥ kleśāḥ ||3||
The obstacles along the spiritual path (klesha) are as follows: a lack of insight (avidya); identification with the mutable (asmita); the belief that happiness (raga) or unhappiness (dvesha) result from outer circumstances; deep seated anxiety (abinivesha). ||3||
Yoga-Sutra 3 – Vibhuti Pada: about the results
The third chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras instructs us about the progression of our practice – Vibhuti Pada.
Yoga-Sutra 4 – Kaivalya Pada: about Liberation
Finally, the fourth chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra is about liberation – Kaivalya Pada.